Outline of Joel

The book of Joel is best viewed by focusing on the Day of the Lord.  While everything that Joel prophesied was still future to him, it is possible if not likely that chapters 1-2 have already been fulfilled (we know Joel 2:28-32 has been fulfilled with the coming of the Holy Spirit.)  If that is the case, the disasters of Joel 1-2 are only a glimpse of the coming judgment and salvation of the future Day of the Lord.  This outline breaks the book of Joel into two sections – the Day of the Lord past and the Day of the Lord future.  This does not mean to imply that there a multiple “days of the Lord” but that past fulfillment is only a partial fulfillment or only a prophetic glimpse of what fully lies ahead.

  • The Day of the Lord past – Joel 1-2
    • Judgment on the Day of the Lord
      • Call for mourning and prayer – Joel 1:2-14
      • Announcement of the Day of the Lord – Joel 1:15-2:11
      • Call for repentance and prayer – Joel 2:12-17
    • Salvation on the Day of the Lord
      • The restoration of Israel – Joel 2:18-27
      • The renewal of Israel (the arrival of the Holy Spirit) – Joel 2:28-32
  • The Day of the Lord future – Joel 3
    • The nations will be judged – Joel 3:1-16
    • God’s people will be blessed – Joel 3:17-21

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