Author: The prophet Micah is the writer of this book. Little is known about him however. He is identified as Micah of Moresheth which is a small town in southern Judah. It is interesting that he is not identified as “the son of” somebody in the way that many people are but instead is identified with the town he is from.
Recipients: Micah would have preached his messages in Judah, the southern kingdom, but his message is applicable for Israel as well. He predicts its destruction which comes about in 722 BC at the hands of the Assyrians. After this time Micah’s message would have focused solely on the kingdom of Judah as they were all that was remaining.
Date: Micah prophesied during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah – kings of Judah – which places his ministry between 750 and 686 BC. However, at least part of the book was written (or the prophecy was given and later recorded) before 722 BC as Micah 1:6 predicts the destruction of Samaria. Micah was a contemporary of the prophets Isaiah and Hosea although their audiences were different.
Message: By the time Micah prophesied, it was too late for the northern kingdom, its destruction was at hand. Micah does not have a call of repentance for them but simply warns of their destruction. Instead, Micah’s message is two-fold for the southern kingdom. Micah is concerned about social justice and addresses the corruption of society in Micah 2 and 7. But he also brings a message of hope, focusing on the coming Kingdom of God and the victory that will be attained in that day for both Israel and Judah.